In Hinduism, the soul is usually referred to as the Self. The Bhagavadgita provides a lot of insight into the nature of soul (Atman) and its liberation from the mortal world. The scripture mainly deals with the problem of suffering and the paths by which beings or embodied souls (jivas) can escape from suffering and achieve liberation. For that, it suggests a divine centered life in which life becomes a sacrifice and every action an offering to overcome the problem of karma and its consequences.
We understand from the Bhagavadgita that beings are subject to ignorance and delusion due to the impurities of the triple gunas and the modifications of the mind and body. To understand the Self and achieve self-realization one must overcome the impurities and transcend the mind and the body. For that, the scripture suggests the various yogas. In this discussion, we focus upon the descriptions of the self in the Bhagavadgita and the solutions it offers for the souls to escape from the mortal world.
The following are a few important points regarding the soul or self found in the Bhagavadgita.
1. The soul and the body are different.
2. The body is transient and perishable, but the soul is eternal and indestructible. Hence, one should not grieve for the death of anyone.
3. The soul wears the body like a clothe and discards it at the time of death.
4. The soul is Purusha (God). The body is Prakriti (Nature). Beings manifest from their union.
5. All modifications arise in the field of Prakriti due to the triple gunas
6. Desire-ridden actions, which are induced by the triple gunas, are responsible for the bondage of the soul.
7. For liberation, one should overcome desires and become absorbed in the Self.
For more click on the heading at the top or read Hinduism – Vedas.